Archimedes focuses on research and education to improve medical device security.

Our leadership team is comprised of medical and computer science experts.


Professor Kevin Fu

University of Michigan

Prof. Fu is an Associate Professor in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the University of Michigan where his research pertains to low-power and trustworthy computing for medical devices.  He has provided invited talks and panel statements on medical device security and privacy at the Institute of Medicine, the President’s Innovation and Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC), the Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health (FDA CDRH), the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), and several research labs. Prof. Fu received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His industrial experience in software systems includes past employment at Cisco Systems, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard, and the Information Systems department at Holland Community Hospital.


Dr. Daniel Kramer

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School

Dr. Kramer studied Philosophy at Brown University and earned his M.D. from Harvard Medical School before training in Internal Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and Cardiology/Cardiac Electrophysiology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Dr.  Kramer was a Medical Device Fellow of the Food and Drug Administration and continues to serve as an expert consultant to the FDA's Circulatory Systems Advisory Panel.  Dr. Kramer's research focuses on ethics, policy, and performance aspects of cardiovascular devices, and he has served as a task force member for the Heart Rhythm Society's expert consensus guidelines on managing cardiac implantable electrical devices at the end-of-life. Current projects include analyses of regulatory approaches to novel cardiovascular devices, controversies regarding deactivation of life-sustaining medical devices, and outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy.


Dr. Matthew Reynolds

Harvard Clinical Research Institute

Dr. Reynolds is board certified in Cardiovascular Medicine and Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology and conducts cost-effectiveness and outcomes research.  He received his medical degree from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and Master of Science in Health Policy & Administration from the Harvard School of Public Health.  His post-graduate clinical training in Internal Medicine, Cardiology, and Cardiac Electrophysiology were all completed at Beth Israel Hospital/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts.  Dr. Reynolds is Associate Director of Electrophysiology, which houses the only active EP service within the VA’s New England region and is affiliated with the Brigham & Women’s Hospital electrophysiology fellowship program.  He also serves as Director of the Economics and Quality of Life Assessment Group and is an Assistant Professor of Medicine.  Dr. Reynolds’ research interests involve studying the impact of new cardiovascular technologies on health care costs and quality of life, mainly in the area of cardiac electrophysiology.


Professor Tadayoshi Kohno

University of Washington

Tadayoshi Kohno is an Associate Professor in the University of Washington Department of Computer Science and Engineering and an Adjunct Associate Professor in the UW Information School. His research focuses on computer security and privacy, broadly defined. Current areas of research span: computer security and privacy for emerging and consumer technologies; computer security and privacy for mobile and cloud systems; and the human element in computer security systems. See this page for an overview of some of his research directions and this page for a list of publications. Kohno is the recipient of a National Science Foundation CAREER Award, an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, an MIT Technology Review TR-35 Young Innovator Award, and multiple best paper awards. He is a member of The Shmoo Group and previously worked as a cryptography and computer security consultant with Counterpane Systems and Cigital. He received his PhD in computer science from the University of California at San Diego.


Professor Nathanael Paul

University of Tennessee

Nathanael Paul is an Associate Professor of computer science at the University of Tennessee and a research scientist in the Computational Sciences and Engineering Division within the cybersecurity research group at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. His research is focused on security for embedded systems including areas in health, energy delivery, and transportation. His research contributions include work in secure electronic voting, instruction set randomization, disk-level security, and medical device system security and privacy. Current projects include designing new ways to manage security and privacy in insulin pump systems and the artificial pancreas (Univ. Tenn.) and a project to address security and privacy inside the Smart Grid (Oak Ridge National Laboratory). Paul received his bachelor's degree from Bob Jones University, his master's degree from Clemson University, and his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia — all degrees in computer science. As a postdoctoral research scientist, he was a member of the Systems and Security research group at Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.